EARTHWORM DIVERSITY AND ECOSYSTEM SERVICES UNDER THREAT

Authors : Widyatmani S Dewi and Masateru Senge
Disciplines : Ecology; Agriculture; Biodiversity
Keywords : Eearthworm; Diversity; Ecosystem services; Threat.
Full Text: : HTML PDF

Abstract

Biodiversity affects human well-being and represents an essential determinant of ecosystem stability. However, the importance of below-ground biodiversity, and earthworm biodiversity in particular, has not received much attention. Earthworms represent the most important group of soil macrofauna. They play a crucial role in various biological processes in soil, and affect ecosystem services such as soil health and productivity, water regulation, restoration of degraded lands, and the balance of greenhouse gases. Anthropogenic activities can lead to a rapid reduction or loss of earthworm diversity, and threaten ecosystem services as well as human well-being. Therefore, conservation of earthworm diversity should receive urgent attention. Farmers need to be made aware of the importance of earthworm diversity conservation and its benefits. Local ecological knowledge is required for communication between scientists and farmers; moreover, efficient strategies for earthworm diversity conservation need to be developed. This paper intends to communicate the importance of earthworm diversity conservation. Development of conservation management to prevent earthworm diversity decline should be done wisely and involve all stakeholders.

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